Physical therapy is a rather young discipline compare to some old practices but it has become a well-established branch of medicine successfully handling different kinds of ailments that have to do with physical pain.
If you have problems with bones, muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments, spine, etc., you should find a good physical therapist. Also known as rehabilitation physicians, these healthcare professionals specialize in treating musculoskeletal disorders and disabilities which range from spinal cord injuries to simple pains such as sore shoulders.
Emphasis is usually placed on developing a program that basically allows to piece up a person’s life after an injury or a disease, without the need of undergoing surgery. To accurately diagnose and get the actual source of the issue, physical therapists perform history checks and employ special diagnostic equipment for physical examinations and tests.
Whenever you want to find a physical therapist, you should know some of the specific problems they treat such as chronic and acute pain which implies handling peripheral and central nervous systems, pain within the musculoskeletal system, traumatic or non-traumatic.
These include headaches, arthritis, sport or work related injuries, neck and back pain, failed surgeries, etc. Treatment may also alleviate fibromyalgia, chest wall syndrome, reflex sympathetic dystrophy and neuropathy pain.
Diseases affect both adults and children. You may need to find a physical therapist specializing in pediatric disorders such as long term and acute spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain injury, as well as congenital and acquired amputations.
They manage muscle diseases that are present in children such as: spinal muscular atrophy, Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy, pediatric burns and congenital torticollis. Since each case is individual, the doctor may prescribe therapy to improve muscle strength and also help them relax. Look for a physician who may also prescribe medical equipment such as bracing, wheelchairs and communication devices.
Neurological disorders that affect children include; Birth Brachial Plexus Palsy, Cerebral Palsy and Spina Bifida. To determine the extent of damage and spasticity, physicians use electrodiagnostic medicine to treat the condition.
Other neurological conditions include: stroke, post polio syndrome, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson’s disease, lupus, Multiple Sclerosis, brain injuries, spinal cord injuries and dystonias.
Rehabilitation also plays a major role in the patient’s recovery process. You will need to find a physical therapist in cases of cardiac diseases to rehabilitate and prevent a recurrence of the incident. Exercise, stress management, change of diet and family counseling are all part of the rehabilitation process.
Individuals suffering from cancer may need rehabilitation, especially those who may be in the middle of treatment. This may include pain control, management of spasticity, bladder and bowel movement. For those who have suffered a stroke, physicians will help relearn tasks, regain lost motor and sensory skills and to be overall independent.
Rehabilitation may also help in coping with pulmonary and vascular diseases, burns, fractures, rheumatic disease and amputations. All these treatment processes require time and patience from the patient and their families. However, if you find a physical therapist who is effective you will be back in the game of life, rather than watching it from the sidelines.